Bull Cook and Authentic Historical Recipes and Practices, by George Leonard Herter and Berthe E. Herter

I flew back to Seattle this week to help settle my father’s affairs. Sorting through his books I kept an eye out for anything out of the ordinary but didn’t find much. When I was a kid, the mainstays of the living room bookshelves were titles from the Book of the Month Club. There were a few exceptions, most notably several Grove Press hardback editions of Henry Miller–the Tropics and Black Spring, which were probably considered hot stuff and discussed with arched eyebrows in the mess.

Then I happened to glance up at the cookbooks over the fridge and spotted the distinctive metallic gold spines of Herter’s Bull Cook books and knew I’d struck gold (pardon the pun).

My dad went through a big huntin’ and fishin’ period in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and one thing you could always find in the reading basket next to his chair was a copy of the latest Herter’s catalog.Herter’s was a big mail-order hunting and fishing goods store in Minnesota, and every single item in the catalog had some hyperbolic write-up. There was something of a formula to these things. First there would be some dismissive mention of popular assumptions (“Carborundum is widely believed to be the finest material for sharpening the blade of a knife”). Then this notion would be tossed aside as poppycock in favor of some alternate theory that was far-fetched on average and downright absurd on occasion (“In truth, you will find no sharper edge than can be obtained from vigorous application of duck fat”). I’m making these examples up, but I’m really not far off the mark. Finally, there would be the pitch to convince you that buying an 8 oz. tin of Herter’s rendered duck fat was not merely the smartest choice you could make but the least that could be expected to demonstrate your fitness to remain walking the streets instead of bouncing off the walls of some rubber room.

Herter’s also sold a few books in the catalog, and somewhere along the way my Dad ordered two volumes of their most famous title: Bull Cook and Authentic Historical Recipes and Practices (Volume Two added the subtitle, “Plus Famous Restaurants and Night Clubs of the World”).

'Bull Cook and Authentic Historical Recipes'These were not at all like my mom’s cookbooks. These were cookbooks written for men by a guy without a shred of doubt about his studliness. What cookbook written by a woman would put “Meat” at the front, on the very first page? And lead off with, “How to Make Real Corned Venison, Antelope, Moose, Bear and Beef”? The last is just a concession to the little ladies, I’m sure. The author, George Leonard Herter, provides a short preface explaining the public service he is about to perform:

I am putting down some of these recipes that you will not find in cook books plus many other historical recipes. Each recipe here is a real cooking secret. I am also publishing for the first time authentic historical recipes of great importance.

For your convenience, I will start with meats, fish, eggs, soup and sauces, sandwiches, vegetables, the art of French frying, desserts, how to dress game, how to properly sharpen a knife, how to make wines and beer, what to do in case of hydrogen or cobalt bomb attack. Keeping as much in alphabetical order as possible.

I know I for one am relieved that someone finally thought to include nuclear attack survival tips just after the recipes for Prunes Maxim’s and “How to Make Puff Pastry or Flaky Pastry Dough.”

For the record, the first tip for surviving an attack is to “Get in any kind of cave, ditch, or valley as far away from buildings as you can and lie on the ground face down.” In case you missed the point, Herter adds, “If at all possible get in a cave.” Staying in your house means “the water pipes will burst and flood the basement drowning you like rats in a trap.” So find that cave–got it?

Helpfully, two pages before the list of H-bomb tips is a short article on the “Norwegian Method of Getting Rid of Rats.” The recipe? Simple and lethal–plain white bread, spread with lye, then topped with syrup. Just make sure the kids know not to confuse it with French toast. Serves 4-6.

A few readers will recognize this oddball classic, a genuine “pure product of America,” as Fitzgerald would put it. Among the cognoscenti, George Leonard Herter is treasured as one of the great American nutcases of all time, a man who never let nonsense like facts or objective sources tarnish the immaculate lunacy of his notions.

And who managed to turn his ravings into a fairly profitable business, at least for a couple of decades or more. Herter’s catalog copy went from three-ring binders passed from hand to hand in the early 1960s to editions of 3-400,000 copies by the time my dad got into them. And the Bull Cook went through something like fifteen editions between 1960 and 1970. The little business George Herter started in 1937 was on a par with L. L. Bean (which also, somewhere back in the dark ages, was mostly a supplier for hunters and fishermen) before the whole thing went bust in 1981 and Herter was forced to file for bankruptcy.

Recall that Herter promised to keep things in these cookbooks “as much in alphabetical order as possible.” It doesn’t take more than a few pages of the Bull Cook to make it clear that Herter’s sense of order is on a par with Joyce’s ability to tell a story in straightforward manner. Had Herter lived about 200 years earlier, he might have produced Tristram Shandy ahead of Sterne.

By the way, to pop back to nuclear holocaust for a sec, make sure to note the item on page 337 explaining that, “Red Pepper Good for Radiation and Upset Stomach.”

“Everything you know is wrong”, declared the Firesign Theatre on an early album. Their inspiration was, of course, George Leonard Herter:

• Never Use Charcoal for Broiling

The “fumes given off as the briquets burn are extremely toxic.” The right answer: hard coal. “The use of hard coal instead of charcoal in Minnesota for broiling has always been the accepted practice.” Which is why, of course, Minnesota ranks #1 among the states for fine restaurants.

• A real old buck past the sexual urge stage makes the best eating venison

However, Herter does admit that, “I have never known an Indian who would not trade ten times the weight in deer meat for either beef or pork or for that matter, although this may seem strange to you, dog meat, which is also good meat.” And you thought they were pets. Bonehead!

• Avonnaise–“the only new sauce invented since mayonnaise was invented”

You take mayonnaise and mash it up with an avocado. You should use it on “fruit salads, lettuce salads, and on baked potatoes instead of sour cream sauce, on roast beef instead of gracy or Bernaise sauce, on hamburgers use lettuce, pickles, and avonnaise.” It “was invented by famed Belgian cook, Berthe E. Gramme.” “Once you have tried this sauce you will be using it often.” You may now invent your excuses for not knowing this.

• The Swedish Method of Preparing Rutabagas is “the only correct way ever invented to prepare them”

Mash two thirds boiled rutabagas with one third boiled potatoes. “Served in this manner they are one of the finest vegetables you can serve with any meal.” And how have you been fixing them? In shoestring fries, I suppose. Sad.

If one volume of Herter’s ramblings on food is not enough, you need to locate volume two, which weighs in at over 750 pages and includes meditations on restaurants throughout the world and anecdotes of world history I’ll bet you’ll never find in any textbook. Herter sticks to his proven formula. The first page is, of course, “Meats.” This time, however, he adds a half-page grayscale of the Toulouse-Lautrec painting, “Two Friends”.

'Two Friends' by Toulouse Lautrec

Herter misnames the painting as “Friendship,” then adds a sly comment that, “The name of this painting is probably one of the greatest understatements ever made.”

You fellas all get it, right?

This to introduce “Toulouse Lautrec Chicken,” which Herter claims was something ol’ Henri often pined for. I won’t bother to summarize it: the fact that it involves a chicken breast cooked for one and a half hours, one quarter pound hamburger, and six strips of bacon is enough to suggest that we’re not exactly in Eric Ripert territory.

Yet a thousand-plus pages on food did not begin to exhaust George Leonard Herter’s capacity for airing his crazy ideas. There are at least five other Herter books to be found, including such irresistable titles as Herter’s Professional Course in the Science of Modern Taxidermy (which failed to spark a wave of D-I-Y critter stuffing); Secret Fresh and Salt Water Fishing Tricks of the World’s Fifty Best Professional Fishermen Plus the Professional Secrets of Fishing Rods and How Fishing Rods Are Made (Revised Fourth Edition); How to Get Out of the Rat Race and Live on $10 a Month (move to Alaska; zap fish with car batteries or bags of quicklime); George the Housewife (with such handy tips as, “Be Careful to Avoid Touching Synthetic Cothing with a Gasoline Lantern”); and the ode to marital bliss, How to Live with a Bitch. Although his catalog business went bust in 1981, he kept beavering away for over ten more years, mostly inventing inventions such as a Rube Goldberg-esque process for refining petroleum, before hitting his last carriage return in 1994.

Paul Collins brought Herter’s work back into the spotlight in late 2008 with a fond tribute to “The Oddball Know-It-All” in the New York Times. But don’t settle for second-hand Herter. Get the pure product in all its insanity, uncut and unashamed:


You’ll thank me when the Big One drops.

Bull Cook and Authentic Historical Recipes and Practices, by George Leonard Herter and Berthe E. Herter
Waseca, Minnesota: Herter’s, 1960

8 thoughts on “Bull Cook and Authentic Historical Recipes and Practices, by George Leonard Herter and Berthe E. Herter

  1. So nice to see someone appreciating George Leonard Herter – his books are always delightful, if sometimes shocking. The most astonishing I’ve found so far is The Truth About Hunting in Today’s Africa and How Go On Safari for $690.00 where George and Jacques Herter (a relation of some sort, though I can’t quite make out how the family worked) go to Africa and instruct you as to how to shoot absolutely everything and what is worth stuffing. Comes in a fine leopard-skin binding. Also nice: the wonderfully titled How to Make the Finest Wine at Home in Old Glass Or Plastic Bottles and Jugs for as Little as 10 Cents a Gallon which explains how the French are wrong about wine, and while it is illegal to make liquor at home, here’s how you would do it, wink wink.

    George the Housewife is nice: he starts out giving helpful tips around the house, but as he goes on he’s clearly getting bored of what he’s doing and the book is increasingly taken up with descriptions of the restaurants of New York (photos of their menus are included) and explanations of how they are no good. Typical is this review of The Forum of the Twelve Caesars, 57 W 48th St:

    This is a very plush, small expensive place. The restaurant is decorated with large oil paintins of the Caesars. The food is a mixture of French, Italian and Midwest American. As a whole the food is good but expensive. A good place to take your wife if she is really made at you. One thing about the Forum of the Twelve Caesars, that I like very much, is that it features leeks in a number of food items. Leeks, although similar to onions, have a very different flavor all of their own, that I like very much. The Forum of the Twelve Caesars, makes the very bad mistake of serving Belgian endive in salad. Belgian endive is only meant to be served as a vegetable fried in butter. The correct name for it is not endive but chicory. The roots sprout and the sprout of the root is what you eat. Chicory sprouts are undoubtedly one of the best vegetables in the whole world.

    He goes on to explain that all of their recipes are easy to make, and gives the recipe for fruit cocktail as first made by Franz Liszt, which starts out “Buy a large can of a good brand of fruit cocktail.”

    And finally: it’s worth mentioning the two short stories tacked on to the end of Bull Cook II, titled “A Christian Murder” and “And Then There Were None” which suggest that a collection of the fiction of George Leonard Herter would be a force to be reckoned with. The first tells how the narrator, an outdoor Minnesota bachelor who’d been through the wars avenges his dead sister by killing her widower in a hunting accident. The second is a post-apocalyptic fantasia in which the narrator, another bachelor, survives a nuclear war to see God recreating humanity out of mud, only doing it right this time. He writes out his narrative for the new people to find, adding an injunction: “Do not let scientists rule the world for among them are dictators and tyrants and they have destroyed the world once” before collapsing into an alcoholic stupor.

  2. Dan–Thanks for contributing more gems from the Herter oeuvre. We both managed not to mention the anti-birth control rant that comes at the very end of Bull Cook II, in which he fumes that “birth control has killed more people than the hydrogen bomb.” Which is true, actually, and probably the preferred of the two outcomes. when you think about it. I found it hard to stop quoting from the books–there is so much raw, unfiltered, and gloriously looniness in them. A fine and entertaining website could be devoted to the best of Herter.

  3. Jacques Pierre Herter was George’s son. Lt. Herter met Berthe in France during World War II, and Jacques resulted. I don’t know when they married, but Berthe and Jacques came to America in May of 1946 to be with George in Minnesota.

  4. Hi, I attended what was in the early 70s Bemidji State College. While there, and I apologize for being so vague, I ran across a Pickled Fish recipe in one of the books. I cannot remember many of the specifics except that it was incredibly tasty, best I had or have ever had and that it “bragged” about having little sugar and many spices. At least that is what I remember. I would greatly appreciate finding that recipe again if at all possible. Any help you could provide would of course be greatly appreciated.

    Much Thanks in advance,


  5. ……one of the things I enjoyed doing was reading…reading as a young girl…and when I found my dad’s Herter’s book, well, I just could not put it down. In first book, he mentions that women then could not really bake because of the way pastry flours were…and Dad always said that, but then ate my Mom’s baking like crazy (Betty Crocker Cook!)..it seemed there was always something new to find out in his books…..when I left home to marry, guess what my dad gave me?

    right….Herter’s Book…..lololololo

  6. George really couldn’t abide the Italian adoption of tomatoes into their culinary repertoire. Seems like, in Bull Cook, every time a restaurant (usually Italian) featured some tomato-based sauce he’d begin the lecture of how this was really a Native American dish, since tomatoes are not native to the Old World. As with some other topics, George was crazy on this. He was also nuts for anise flavored anything and always said that some Minneapolis restaurant was “always rated 2nd best in the world.”

  7. I found a ‘pickling fish’ recipe on Pg. 85-86 in the original “Bull Cook and Authentic Historical Recipes and Practises” book. I haven’t tried it but I love the book and got into it this morning while reminiscing with my Ex. about the recipes that we used to love: “Spinach Mother of Christ”, “Scalloped Potatoes Jefferson” etc.

  8. I still love these books! Besides preview to the state of retail like bass pro shops and gander mountain to name a few, his advice and loose stories as pure sales predate the whole ” life hack” click-bait the internet is now famous for. Yes many advice columns in the print days, but George seemed to weave together a different duck.

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